pesticide application

Upcoming private pesticide applicator trainings

It’s that time again. Private pesticide applicator trainings will be offered over the next couple of months across  Southeast Wyoming.

The course will focus on your ability to properly read and understand the label, types and use of personal protective equipment, and federal reporting requirements.  Upon completion of the course, your application will be submitted to the Wyoming Department of Ag for approval and the issuance of licenses.  Obtaining your private pesticide applicator license will allow you to purchase and apply restricted use pesticides for your own private use.

Two opportunities in Goshen County will be available for individuals interested in gaining a new or renewal of an existing private pesticide applicator’s license.  The first will be held on Thursday January 15th, 9:00 to 12:00 PM at the Platte Valley Bank community room.  The second opportunity will also be held on Thursday, January 15th  from 1:00 to 4:00 PM, also at the Platte Valley Bank community room.

The training will be offered in Laramie County in Albin, WY on January 28th from 1 to 4 pm at the Community Building on the Laramie County Fair Grounds. As well as in Platte County in Wheatland at the First State Bank Community Building on February 12th, also from 1 to 4 pm.

Details for these and other upcoming training opportunities are available at the following internet location:  http://uwyoextension.org/psep/calendar/.  We would appreciate you letting us know if you are planning on attending, so that we can plan accordingly.  Please call Caleb Carter at the Goshen County Extension office with your intentions or if you have questions concerning the course at (307) 532-2436.

Corn field near Torrington, WY

2014 farm bill resources

If you had the opportunity to attend one of the 2014 Farm Bill Update meetings across Southeast Wyoming this week, then you know that there is a lot of information to wade through! As well as some big decisions to be made.

To help with this process the RightRisk Team has created a web page with all the resources provided and other helpful links. Recordings of the presentations will also be uploaded soon for those who missed the meetings.

2014 Farm Bill – Wyoming

Web-based decision tools

Another set of resources that have been created to help producers decide which programs to sign up for include a series of online decision tools:

  1. Agriculture Policy Analysis System (APAS) 
    • No registration required – results can be saved to your computer
    • APAS Sample Farm: Provides analysis for selected counties based on county average yields and acreage for selected crops
    • APAS Custom Farm: provides the opportunity to analyze your own farm, using your data, including:
      • base reallocation
      • yield update
      • price forecast changes
      • farm program choice
      • crop insurance choices
  2. Agricultural and Food Policy Center (AFPC) Tool
    • Requires registration – info saved on their servers
    • AFPC helps analyze your farm
      • base reallocation
      • yield update
      • price forecast changes
      • farm program choice
      • SCO insurance
  3. RMA Crop Insurance Decision Tool
    • No registration required
    • helps analyze your farm, and evaluate the SCO decision crop-by-crop as well as crop insurance decisions
    • presents details for expected payments at various yield levels
    • provides an estimate of premium required and amount of protection offered

It is important to remember that none of these decision tools are designed to give you the answer about what choice(s) you should make for your farm. They are a tool that can help you evaluate possible outcomes that might follow after a certain set of programs is chosen and following a set of prescribed circumstances. For more information on these programs, see:

2014 Farm Bill Web-based decision aids

If you have any further questions, please feel free to call Caleb at (307) 532-2436 or ccarte13@uwyo.edu. You can also contact your local FSA office to find out what your current base is and for help with any questions.

The next 100 years together…

Extension 100 years

By now you have eaten the last turkey sandwich and that slice of pumpkin pie is only a memory, though I hope the time with friends and family remains fresh in your minds. My Thanksgiving was spent at the in-laws near Sheridan, WY, celebrating birthdays, eating turkey and hunting elk. Back in the office, with the Christmas season upon us and then the new year, I take this opportunity to reflect on the past, and look to the future.

Elk Hunt
Successful Thanksgiving weekend elk hunt.

I have almost completed my first year and a half as the University of Wyoming Extension Educator in Goshen County and looking back over my short time I am excited about what has been accomplished and excited to continue working to provide sustainable and practical agriculture and horticulture education across Southeast Wyoming.

In 2014, Extension celebrated 100 years of providing education and outreach to the inhabitants of Wyoming and across the country. Extension began with the signing of the Smith-Lever Act in 1914. This act funded extension and outreach activities at the Land-Grant Universities founded by the Morrill Act of 1862.

While cleaning out old documents here in the office, we found a publication from 1963 called The Wyoming County Agent. Celebrating the 49th anniversary of Extension, it includes articles written by several current and former directors and leaders within Extension in Wyoming and the College of Agriculture.

The Wyoming County Agent, 1963
The Wyoming County Agent, 1963

In an article titled “Some Early Experiences of the First Wyoming Extension Director”, Albert E. Bowman recalled his efforts to get agreements signed between the county commissioners and the University of Wyoming. In his own words, he recounts his first experience in Goshen County.

“Progress was slow, but sometimes even a cattleman was willing to take a gamble, on what seemed to be a crazy idea, as happened on my first appearance in Goshen County. After trying to explain the matter, the commissioners sort of laughed at the idea. Finally, a prominent cattleman said, “well, hell, I’m willing to give it a try. What can it hurt[?]”

It’s fun to look back and get a good laugh about the beginnings of Extension in Goshen County, but I do want to say that Goshen County and Southeast Wyoming have been very welcoming and supportive of the efforts of Extension, despite some early …apprehensions.

In the same publication, Dr. N. W. Hilston, Dean of the College of Agriculture at the time, wrote an article titled “Jeans, Business Suits and House Dresses.” In it, he described the role of Extension in Wyoming:

“In each Wyoming County stands an open door to the university. That door is the Wyoming Agricultural Extension Service. Through this portal, County Agents carry information and education to nearly everyone in the state. …Contacts between state residents and the university are maintained on a highly personal basis through this open door in each county.”
“[other responsibilities] of the County Agricultural Agent [come] from personal contacts with ranchers, farmers, businessmen and homemakers.  …observ[ing] local problems…spot[ing] trends… These facts, then returned to the university, serve well to project research into useful channels and adjust teaching to meet current demands.”

 It is interesting to note that the thoughts on Extension in 1963 were not much different than the vision for Extension today. To add to that, Dr. G.D. Humphrey, President of the University of Wyoming, stated in the opening article, titled “Agricultural Extension’s Responsibility and Relationship with the University of Wyoming”:

“These [Extension} programs continue to increase the efficiency of agriculture, raise the standards of living in homes, educate our youth for tomorrow’s home and civic responsibilities, and contribute to the growth and development of state and nation.”

Though times have changed, as well as the name, the mission of The University of Wyoming Extension today of improving lives and communities through lifelong learning still embodies these goals discussed by Dr. Humphrey in 1963.

As I look to the next 100 years, I am excited to continue the respected tradition of Extension. I also see a need to adapt, this blog and email newsletter being prime examples, as well the use of social media. This will not change the mission inherent to Extension, nor the importance of one-on-one interactions. The handshake is still the most powerful tool in Extension.

With that, it is important to remember, as Dr. Hilston stated, the information flow goes both ways. We are here to serve, and would like to hear from you about what concerns you are dealing with. My goal in the coming year is to strive to reach out to you, both individually and as organizational partners, to continue to work together to provide outreach and service across Southeast Wyoming.

Thank you and happy holidays to you and yours!

 

 

2015 Goshen County Master Gardener Classes

A9R3D5A

The Master Gardener Program

The Master Gardener Program of the University of Wyoming Extension Service (UWE) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) exists to extend the university to the people of Wyoming via volunteer service in horticulture. The Master Gardener Program provides sound, research-based, regionally appropriate horticultural information to the general public. 

Goshen County Master Gardener Club

The Goshen County Master Gardener Club meets every 2nd Tuesday of the month at the Extenion Office and provides an opportunity for socializing as well as involvement in numerous community service projects. These include the local farmers market, the Goshen County Master Gardener Plant Sale as well as helping with yard calls and horticulture questions that come into the office.

Master Gardener Class

The University of Wyoming Extension Service conducts Master Gardener classes in horticultural education open to residents of the Goshen County area. Students learn basic knowledge and competencies in the areas of botany, regionally appropriate plant selection, diagnosis of plant problems and their solutions, lawn and garden cultural practices (including soil testing, fertilizing, watering, etc.) and more. Students who complete this training program, as well as the required 40 hours of volunteer service hours, are then recognized as Master Gardeners.

Master Gardener students will be given approximately 40 hours of classroom instruction to develop basic horticultural knowledge. Eight hours of practical experience in a number of horticultural areas will be provided to assist the student develop competencies under the supervision of experienced Master Gardeners. An additional 40 hours of volunteer work in the community are required to meet program goals and further refine the Master Gardener’s knowledge and competencies. Goshen County’s Master Gardener Club provides trained volunteers to supplement the University of Wyoming Extension Service.

MjAxMy1mZTE2MDcxODBmY2FmNDNi

Master Gardeners provide county residents with information and guidance regarding horticultural problems, environmentally sound horticultural practices such as lawn, garden and ornamental plant problems, Integrated Pest Management and sustainable agriculture. Each year, active Master Gardeners perform community service, through participation in a number of horticultural projects and by providing assistance and consultation to residents of the county with questions regarding horticultural problems.

Classes will be held every Tuesday from 6 to 9 pm at the Goshen County Extension Office beginning on January 20, 2015, ending on April 14th.

If you are interested in taking the class you can obtain an application at the Goshen County Extension Office or download an application here. If you have any questions, please call Caleb Cater at the Goshen County Extension Office at ccarte13@uwyo.edu or (307) 532-2436.

The final schedule is still being finalized, and will be available soon.

Goshen County Extension

Position opening at the Goshen County Extension office!

Office Manager/Youth Show Coordinator

As you may be well aware, Lori Schafer, our long time office manager and youth show coordinator here at the Goshen County Extension office left us in September. We are now looking to fill this position!

Job Description

Essential Duties: Assist UW Extension Educators with overall management and daily operations. Provide leadership and management to the Goshen County Fair Youth Shows. This position will require occasional evening and weekend work and some overnight travel. Specific responsibilities can be found in the Position description.

Preference will be given to applicants with a minimum of two years professional experience, Microsoft Office experience, record maintenance and management experience and fiscal management experience and those with excellent organizational and communication skills. Successful candidate will possess a strong attention to detail and effective problem resolution skills.

Required Materials for application include a completed Employment Application, professional résumé, and cover letter. These must be received by December 8, 2014. The position description and application are also available at the Extension Office.

The deadline for application is December 19, 2014.

With questions, please stop in at the University of Wyoming Extension, Goshen County office in Torrington at 4516 US HWY 26/85 or call (307) 532-2436. You may also contact Megan Brittingham at mbrittin@uwyo.edu.

2014 Farm Bill

2014 Farm Bill Update

Do you have questions about how the new 2014 farm bill will affect you and production on your farm? You are not alone, and there are many factors you need to consider and decisions that need to be made that can have lasting affects on crop insurance and other programs within the farm bill.

To help decipher the new farm bill and what the changes mean to you the University of Wyoming Extension – Sustainable AG & Horticulture team in cooperation with Wyoming Farm Service Agency (FSA), will be offering a series of meetings covering details of the new farm programs.

Highlights include:

Base acre update, yield update, Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC-CO/IC), Price Loss Coverage (PLC), Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO), Non-insured Crop Disaster Assistance (NAP) buy-up coverage, online decision tools, analyzing information for your farm, and more…

2014 Farm Bill Webinar Series Schedule

DATETIMELOCATION
ADDRESS
12-Dec10 AMWorlandCommunity Center, 1200 Culbertson Ave.
15-Dec10 AMCheyenneLCCC Health Sciences - Rm. 111, 1400 E. College Drive
15-Dec2 PMWheatlandFirst State Bank, 1405 16th St.
16-Dec10 AMTorringtonPlatte Valley Bank, 2201 Main St.
17-Dec10 AMRivertonFremont County Fairgrounds, 1010 Fairgrounds Rd.
17-Dec2 PMWind River CasinoCasino training room, 2 miles south of Riverton
18-Dec10 AMPowellUW Research and Extension Center, 747 Rd. 9
19-Dec10 AMGilletteCampbell County Library - WY Room, 2101 S. 4-J Road

Presenters include:

Dr. Nicole Ballenger, UW Ag & Applied Economics
John Hewlett, UW Farm/Ranch Management Specialist
Farm Service Agency, Farm Program Specialists

For more information or with questions, please contact John Hewlett at hewlett@uwyo.edu or (307) 766-2166; or Caleb Carter at ccarte13@uwyo.edu or at (307) 532-2436.

Cows and sunset

South East Wyoming Beef Production Convention

ext_logo_2line_brown

SAREC

 A collection of workshops covering the issues affecting profitability of livestock producers 

Goshen County Extension and The James C. Hageman Sustainable Agriculture Research and Extension Center (SAREC) will again be hosting the Southeast Wyoming Beef Production Convention in Torrington in November.

The Convention will be held on Tuesday, November 18th at the Rendezvous Center, on the Goshen County Fair Grounds. Registration will begin at 9:30 am with the program starting at 10. We have had a last minute change in the agenda. Now, the day will begin with a presentation from Marc and Kate Vogel. 

They work with Marc’s family on Vogel Land and Livestock near Ballantine, MT, just east of Billings. They have integrated no-till and cover crop practices into their production, as well as grazing of their cover crops. They are also dealers for Green Cover Seed, located just south of Hastings, NE. For more information, check out this video from a couple years ago, featuring Marc and Kate in the Out on Land Series.

Following lunch, we will hear from Jenna Meeks. Jenna is a graduate student at the University of Wyoming in Laramie, WY. She is looking at the use of winter forage crops to increase the nutrient value of corn stalks for winter grazing.  Her research is ongoing and taking place at the James C. Hageman Sustainable Agriculture Research and Extension Center (SAREC), located near Lingle, WY.

The remainder of the day will consist of a series of concurrent sessions as well as a producer panel after lunch. Some of the session topics will include pasture revitalization, utilizing corn stalks in grazing, feedlot research updates, risk management options, heifer development budgets as well as some tips on preparing for and surviving disaster. A trade show will also be a part of the convention activities.

To wrap up the day, Jim Rob from the Livestock Marketing Information Center (LMIC) in Denver will present on the future market outlook. Cost for the convention is $20 and includes lunch and the trade show. 

Complete convention schedule:

Time

Event/Topic/Speaker

Room

9:30-10:00 Registration Foyer
10:00 Welcome and Introductions – Caleb Carter Rendezvous Main
10:00-10:50 Speakers – Marc and Kate Vogel Rendezvous Main
11:00-11:45
Improving pasture productivity – Jerry Voleski Rendezvous Main
Your Beef Checkoff Dollars at Work: the Beef Ambassador program – Rachel Purdey Brand Room
Silent but deadly: poisonous plants of eastern Wyoming rangelands – Brian Sebade 4-H East
The Use of Sexed semen in the beef industry – Chance Marshall 4-H West
11:45-12:30 Lunch Rendezvous Main
12:30-1:30 Supplementing corn stalk grazing with winter forage crops – Jenna Meeks Rendezvous Main
1:40-2:20
Risk Management for livestock production – John Hewlett Rendezvous Main
Corn stalk grazing research – Aaron stalker Brand Room
Annual Forages: Species, Varieties, and Importance –Anowar Islam 4-H East
Monitoring soil moisture – Caleb Carter 4-H West
2:20-2:45 Break – sponsored by ABS
2:45-3:30
Surviving disaster – Scott Cotton Rendezvous Main
Replacement heifer development budgets – John Ritten Brand Room
Wheat variety trial info – Keith Kennedy 4-H East
Feedlot research update – Matt Luebbe 4-H West
3:45-4:30 Market Outlook – Jim Robb, LMIC Rendezvous Main
4:30-5:00 Door Prizes and Conclusion Rendezvous Main
Registration

Registrations are being taken online for attendees, and vendors interested in the trade show, at: http://bit.ly/sewyobeef

You can also download this brochure and mail it to:

Caleb Carter, 4516 US HWY 26/85, Torrington, WY 82240

For more information call Caleb at the Goshen County Extension office at (307) 532-2436 and we hope to see you in November!

Wyoming Livestock Roundup

 

wyomng stock growers

Speaking of weed control…

Are you considering weed control this fall? Be sure to read and follow all labels carefully! The label is the law, and applying a pesticide in a way that goes against the label puts you in direct violation. If a product is labeled for a specific pest but not for the  location that you are applying it, then you are off label.

To help you think about how you handle and apply your pesticides and your own pesticide exposure, here is a video from the University of Nebraska Lincoln Extension regarding pesticide safety:

 

To determine what the correct pesticide is for a specific pest and location contact your local weed and pest office or county extension educator. Another great resource is the www.cdms.net. To use this tool, go to the top and select serviceslabels/msds, then select other search options on the left. It will ask you to create a free account. After you have created an account, you will be able to search pesticides by product name, common name, type, crop site, pest, manufacture, state, or a combination of the above. This can help you identify a list of pesticides labeled for use in the location and against the pest that you are targeting. You will also know that it is labeled for use in your state.

2015 Guide for Weed Management
2015 Guide for Weed Management

Another great resource is the Guide for Weed Management in Nebraska. The 2015 edition is available for preorder for $15 plus shipping. We also have the 2014 edition available in our office for $10.

If you are considering the use of any restricted use pesticides be sure to obtain your private pesticide applicators license. There are 3 ways to obtain this license.

  • Go to your local Extension Office and take the online exam or obtain the take home test
  • Attend one of the many private applicator training’s that are offered by UW Extension Educators across the state

These classes are typically offered in January through March and to find one near you go to http://bit.ly/psepcalendar.  For more information on pesticide applicator license requirements or anything related to regulations regarding pesticide application please see http://bit.ly/psepwyo. Or for more information call Caleb at the Goshen County Extension Office at (307) 532-2436 or at ccarte13@uwyo.edu.

Extension Tidbits Winter Gardening Series

You are probably thinking that with fall around the corner and the growing season quickly coming to an end… that you are off the hook in the garden. Well, think again! Now is the time to begin preparations for next year. And to start thinking about how you are going to deal with those weeds you saw popping up this year after all the rain we had. Maybe you are thinking about a new tree or getting a head start on spring by starting seeds indoors?

If any of this sounds interesting, then don’t miss the new series beginning next Wednesday, October 15th. The format will still be a brown bag seminar but will only meet once a month, allowing for more seasonally relevant topics. It will take place from noon to 1 pm, at the extension office, with the presentation running from 12:15 to 12:45 pm, leaving time for socializing and questions.

The first topic will be “fall garden cleanup” presented by Gretchen Wollert, owner of Pleasant Valley Greenhouse in Torrington. She will share tips on what we can do now to make it easier to get planting in the spring. The next meeting will be Wednesday, November 19th and then every 2nd Wednesday through April. Other topics will include tree selection and care, holiday plants, starting plants from seed, organic production and weed control. The series will wrap up with a stump the experts hour on April 8th!

Winter Gardening Series

There is no cost for the sessions. Participants can come to any or all sessions and are encouraged to bring a lunch and an interest in making things grow! With questions or for more information, please contact Caleb Carter at the Goshen County Extension Office at (307) 532-2436.

Fall weed control: a step ahead in the spring

Canada thistle
Canada thistle – Bill Johnson, nps.gov

Did you experience a flush of new and/or more aggressive weeds this summer? You are not alone. The increase in moisture we received this year was a blessing for our productions, but also an increase in weeds as well as some new weeds we haven’t seen in a while. Many of these are perennials and biennials, and fall is a good time to control these persistent  weeds.

It is important to understand their biology, in order to use their own strategy against them. As the weather cools, perennial weeds begin storing carbohydrates in their roots. Herbicides applied at this time will also be taken into the root stores. Some perennials are more sensitive to frost than others, making timing the most important consideration in fall weed control. Be sure to read all labels carefully to determine the best application time for each weed species and location.

Biennial weeds have a two year growth cycle. Spending the first year in a vegetative growth stage and then in the second year bolting and flowering. They are most susceptible in the vegetative growth stage. Both perennials and biennials are prolific seed producers and preventing seed production as well as depleting root food stores can go a long way in controlling them. This can come in the form of tillage, mowing, etc. Herbicide treatments can also be a good control measure.

Following is a small selection of common perennial and biennial weeds to think about controlling this fall.

Perennial weeds

Canada thistle

Canada thistle has extensive root stores, and good control can only be achieved by depleting them. Tillage only makes more plants as each root shoot can regenerate a new plant. Mowing or other mechanical removal can help prevent seed production and deplete root stores. Good control can also be achieved by using glyphosate (Roundup) at the bud to bloom stage. Canada thistle is able to withstand light frosts, so a late fall application of picloram (Tordon) can also provide good control, ensuring more herbicide gets into the roots. For more information on Canada thistle control.

Field bindweed

Field bindweed is a very persistent weed. Control measures must be even more persistent to get ahead of it. For best results incorporate a combination of cultivation, selective herbicides and competitive crops. As with Canada thistle, field bindweed also stores food reserves in its roots. Cultivation can break up these root stores but root pieces can grow new plants, so cultivation must continue.

In South Dakota over 95% control was achieved by cultivating at two week intervals in June and July and three week intervals in August and September. But, due to cost, loss of crop production and soil erosion concerns, continuous tillage is often not practical.

Effective herbicides include 2, 4-D, dicamba (Banvel/Vanquish/Clarity), picloram (Tordon) and glyphosate (Roundup). A succesful herbicide program will also require multiple applications in order to be successful and to get enough into the roots to kill the roots and root buds. Apply herbicides when the stems are at least 12 inches long and the plant is actively growing. For more information on field bindweed control.

Biennial weeds

Musk thistle

Musk thistle spends its first year in the rosettes stage, which is when it is most vulnerable to herbicide treatment. Herbicide options include dicamba (Banvel/Vanquish/Clarity), 2,4-D, or dicamba plus 2,4-D, picloram (Tordon) or aminopyralid (milestone). Treatments are best applied in the fall in the rosettes stage. Though not as effective, there are also options for application up to early flower growth stages. For more information on musk thistle control.

Scotch thistle

Scotch thistle also spends its first year in a rosettes growth stage and is best controlled with herbicides at this time. Herbicides effective in controlling scotch thistle are similar to musk thistle, with the most effective being dicamba and milestone.

Mechanical control can also be effective for both musk and scotch thistle. Removing the top growth below the soil level will kill either species. Be sure to collect and burn any growth removed to prevent any seed spread. Maintaining or planting healthy, thick stands of grass will also help out-compete these invasives. For more information on scotch thistle control.

Conclusion

It is important to remember that if weeds are stressed by a lack of moisture or extreme heat, they will not respond as well to herbicide treatments. These conditions can decrease leaf size, increase waxy coverings and decrease the plants translocation ability. All of which will decrease the effectiveness of the herbicide.

With harvest going on or beginning soon depending on your location, this is a good time to scout your fields and look for any perennial or biennial weeds moving in. The time you spend today will pay big dividends next spring.

More information on fall weed control

If you have a weed that you would like identified or if you want more information on controlling a specific weed bring in a sample to the office, or to your local UW Extension office. Also, see the links below for more information on fall weed control.

Fall noxious weed control:

Barnyards and Backyards article: Fall is a good time for weed management

Perennial weed management:

Getting the most from fall perennial weed management

Disclosure. Common chemical and trade names are used in this publication for clarity by the reader. Inclusion of a common chemical or trade name does not imply endorsement of that particular product or brand of herbicide and exclusion does not imply non-approval.